Learning Disorders

Children with learning disorders can have problems with listening, paying attention, speaking, reading, writing, or doing math. It is important to identify learning disorders when they are present as specialized education can help children where they struggle.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

The child with a learning disorder may have trouble following instruction, trouble remembering, trouble with the difference between left and right, flipping the order of numbers and letters, lack in coordination, misplaces items, and with the concept of time. A variety of tests may be necessary to determine the type of learning disorder including referral to a clinical psychologist, developmental psychologist, occupational therapist, and or a speech therapist.
Learning disorders can include:

  • Dyspraxia: problems with motor skills.
  • Dyslexia: problems processing language.
  • Dysgraphia: problems with writing abilities.
  • Dyscalculia: problems with ability to do math.
  • Auditory Processing Disorder: problems with processing of sound.
  • Visual Processing Disorder: problems processing of visual information.


The most common treatment is specialized education which will build on the child’s strengths and help him manage his or her deficiencies. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act or IDEA mandates the public school system to provide education free of charge to children with disabilities. The website http://ectacenter.org/sec619/stateregs.asp provides state by state regulations that promote and protect the treatment of disabilities of those aged 3 to 21 in most states. Medications and other therapies focus on managing concomitant conditions such as ADHD and depression.