Motor or Movement Disorders affect children with unpredictable and unwanted movements. This disorder encompasses a number of conditions that can affect a single or various body parts by creating added abnormal movements.
Types, Symptoms and Diagnosis
Motor or Movement Disorders can include Chorea (dance like movements that are a symptom of neurological injury such as head trauma or infection), Tremor (rhythmic shaking of a limb caused by neurological problem or heavy medications), Myoclonus (involuntary muscle jolts that cannot be controlled), Dystonia (groups of muscles that contract abnormally or uncoordinated of their normal function), Tic Disorders (transient involuntary movements or sounds), Tourette Syndrome (Tic disorders that last longer than a year), Parkinsonism (when two or more Parkinson symptoms are found in children they are considered to have Parkinsonism), Ataxia (can present as poor balance or irregular clumsy movements caused by a dysfunction in the cerebellum), and conversion disorder (any of the previous conditions following stressful events). Testing for these disorders can include physical exam, family medical history, genetic testing, metabolic tests, MRI, or EEG.
Treatment for these disorders are specific to the disorder such as oral medication to help with tremors, injections to help the affected muscles, implanted medication pumps, brain implants. More importantly, physical therapy, occupational therapy, family support/counseling, and neuropsychiatric testing can help the child live their life to their fullest ability.