Neurocognitive disorders can affect memory, attention, learning, language, perception, and social cognition. These symptoms may be caused by a neurodegenerative condition, such as Alzheimer’s disease or dementia.
Symptom and Diagnosis
The main symptom with neurocognitive disorders is memory loss which is progressive and debilitating.
Every person above 60 should have a screening test to check the status of their memory and cognitive function. It can be done by a Primary Care Doctor. If any concerns appear, a consultation to a Psychiatrist or Neurologist should be done.
Since memory is closely related to daily activities such as planning, language, social relationships, occupational productivity, and motor perceptual disturbances, it is critical that a neurophsychological test be a fundamental part of the diagnosis to assess all the different domains of the cognitive functioning.
It is also important to keep in mind that mild symptoms can appear a few years earlier before symptoms become impairing. Early detection is very important as medications can help to “slow down” the process of the condition.
Psychiatric treatment is mainly indicated to help associated mood symptoms, psychotic episodes, impulsive and aggressive behaviors, and mood dysregulation. Helping insomnia is of paramount importance. We also focus on caregiver burn out, which helps to improve the safety of the person suffering from the neurocognitive disorder.