These disorders affect children with unpredictable and unwanted movements. There are a number of conditions that can affect a single or various body parts by creating added abnormal movements.
What we normally see as part of the clinical picture is the social difficulties and the embarrassment caused to the patient. We need to address the academic and occupational difficulties originated by the symptoms.
The symptoms can be part of a neurological condition and manifest as “Chorea” (dance like movements that are a symptom of neurological injury such as head trauma or infection), “Tremor” (rhythmic shaking of a limb caused by neurological problem or heavy medications), “Myoclonus” (involuntary muscle jolts that cannot be controlled), “Dystonia” (groups of muscles that contract abnormally or uncoordinated of their normal function). This requires coordinating the treatment with a Child and Adolescent Neurologist.
In psychiatry we normally treat other conditions including, Developmental Coordination Disorder, Stereotypic Movement Disorder, Tourette’s Disorder, and Tic Disorder,
The main challenge of the treatment is to have the proper diagnosis which will require an interdisciplinary approach to address every aspect of the condition and have an effective treatment.